Egypt – a state in north-eastern Africa and the Sinai Peninsula. It shares borders with Israel, the Palestinian National Authority (Gaza Strip), Sudan and Libya. On the north by the waters of the Mediterranean, in the east – the Red Sea. The river – the Nile. The capital of Egypt – Cairo.
The territory of the state – 1,001,450 sq km, population 77,505,756 Currency – Egyptian pound.
The main part of the population speaks Arabic and Muslim; There is also a Coptic Christian.
Egypt is one of the most visited countries by tourists. In this country, a lot of different attractions.
Valley of the Kings
Valley of the Kings – a valley on the west bank of the Nile in Egypt, where pharaohs of ancient Egypt were buried. Over five centuries in this place the ancient Egyptians buried their rulers, creating a kind of “city of the dead.” This attraction has become especially popular after the discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb.
Geographically the valley is located opposite the Luxor and this is divided into two parts. All burials are XVI-XI centuries. BC. Archaeological excavations are ongoing, have unearthed 50 graves. Valley of the Kings has repeatedly been looted. After all, along with the graves there were entire churches with historical artifacts and treasures.
Most rich decoration found in the tomb of Thutmose III. No less beautiful and the tomb of his offspring of Amenhotep II. nine mummies were found in the inner chambers of the tomb. the tomb of Tutankhamen, known for its “curse” was found in 1922. There were more than 80 rooms with different inscriptions. According to Mr. Carter, who found the tomb of Pharaoh, over 200 kg of gold and precious stones has been spent on it.
After that, the new findings was not until 2006. At this time, luck smiled again, archaeologists, and they found another burial with five wooden sarcophagi. Attraction is open to visitors daily from 6 am. It is located about 10 km from Luxor. Many tourists get to it in an organized bus trips from Hurghada or taxi from Luxor.
Sahara Desert – the most famous and the largest desert in the world, occupying approximately 5000 km to the north of Africa. The Sahara stretches from the Red Sea to the Atlantic. Its landscape is replaced by high dunes, flat sandy areas and dunes as well as rare, but the lush oases.
Despite the fact that the Sahara passes through 11 African countries, freely visit it only in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. In Arabic, the name of the desert is monotonous brown desert plain. The climate in this area is probably the hottest in the world. The place is a summer temperature exceeds 57 degrees Celsius, and if they happen rare rains, the drops can not reach the ground, drying up in the air.
In the western regions of Egypt is concentrated quite a vast area of the Sahara. Alas, it is not as picturesque as those areas that remain inaccessible countries, but also deserves the attention of tourists. To the south of Siwa is a chain of oases, interspersed rocky deserts. At the heart of the desert, you can also go on camel or jeep from El Kharga, Dakhla and Bahariya. Moving south, you can reach places where they filmed the famous movie “The English Patient.”
The most beautiful landscapes of the Sahara opened, of course, in its inner regions, for example, in Algeria, Libya and Mauritania. The longest and desolate sand dunes are located in Algeria.
Cairo Museum – famous landmark in Cairo, capital of Egypt; the richest repository of ancient Egyptian art and historical artifacts. Special attention deserves the museum hall of mummies of the pharaohs, the entrance to which is carried out on separate tickets.
The first director of the museum – Auguste Marietta. This man laid the foundation for a unique collection of exhibits devoted to the era of the pharaohs. Today the museum’s collection includes more than 120,000 antiquities.
Geographically attraction is located in central Cairo’s Tahrir Square. The museum was opened in the middle of the XIX century and originally had a different location. The present building in neoclassical style was built in 1900. The museum is open daily from 9 am.
The museum keeps the mummies and sarcophagi of many pharaohs of ancient Egyptian priests who served the sun god Amun Ra. There you can see a lot of artifacts found in the tombs of famous pharaohs, including Tutankhamun and Amenhotep III. Unfortunately, during the popular uprising in Egypt in 2011, the museum was partially ransacked by looters.
Colossi of Memnon
Colossi of Memnon – the colossal stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III of, preserved opposite the city of Luxor, Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile River. More than 3400 years, they are at this point. Despite the fact that those statues almost did not survive, their sizes amaze with their greatness.
Its original name they received in error by the Greeks, who have confused the image of Amenhotep with its ancient Greek hero of Troy Memnon. The height of the statue is not less than 18 meters and the weight of each of them – 700 tons. It is believed that the original purpose of these statues guard the Pharaoh Amenhotep III funerary temple which during his lifetime was revered as a deity. From the temple today is nothing left except the colossi.
Sami statues made of huge blocks of sandstone Quartzite. Pharaoh is depicted sitting quietly. His hands were resting on his knees, and his eyes directed to the east, ie, in the direction of the sacred river Nile and the rising sun. Access to the colossi are always free. View them or to touch a piece of history at any time. Geographically they are located half a kilometer from Luxor antiquities.
Suez Canal – the most important artificial canal in Egypt, which stretches from the Mediterranean to the Red. Located to the west of the Sinai Peninsula, it marks the boundary between the two continents. The length of the approach channel to the areas reaches 170 km.
Suez Canal originates in Port Said and extends to the Gulf of the same name in the Red Sea. Water transport can pass through it in both directions. Prior to the opening of the waterway transport of goods between Africa and Eurasia was carried out only by land.
According to historical facts, the channel here was laid during the time of the 12th Dynasty of Egyptian pharaohs in order to connect the Nile with the Red Sea. Finish building the canal, many subsequent rulers and even the Persian king Darius I, who conquered Egypt. During the reign of Caliph Mansur canal was completely filled. On his recovery have reflected in the XVI century BC during the Ottoman Empire.
Re-opening of the channel has had an invaluable impact on world trade. During the First and Second World Wars, the Suez Canal has repeatedly plunges invasion and was partially destroyed. Currently, he is one of the main components of Egypt’s budget. Tariffs for cargo transportation increase the channel every year.