Sights of Argentina
Argentina – a country in South America. Capital – Buenos Aires. The country’s population – 42,371,072 people.
Argentina Area 2,766,890 km2. Currency – Argentine Peso. Official language – Spanish. Religion – Christianity.
Earlier this part of South America inhabited by Indian tribes. In the 16th century the Spaniard Pedro de Mendoza founded the city of Buenos Aires. In 1816, Argentina received independence from Spain.
Argentina borders with Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil and Uruguay. Washed by the Atlantic Ocean.
The big city of Buenos Aires, Mendoza, Cordoba, Rosario, Asuncion. The largest rivers – the Paraná, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chubut, Rio Negro, Rio Colorado. Large glacial lakes – Buenos Aires, San Martin, Viedma. Islands – Martin Garcia, Estados, Isla Grande (shared with Chile).
Beach Resorts – Mar del Plata, Carilo, Necochea. Ski resorts – San Carlos de Bariloche, La Jolla, Cerro Catedral.
Iguazu Falls – a complex of 275 cascades at Iguazu River in Argentina. Located right on the border with Brazil and Paraguay. The name for the river and the waterfall was coined residents Guarani tribe and means “big water”. Iguazu Falls is one of the most beautiful and full-flowing waterfalls.
Waterfall looks like a horse shoe. It was formed as a result of powerful volcanic eruptions that created a crevice in the ground. The most affluent Iguazu becomes in the rainy season from November to March. At this time, the flow of water exceeds 13 thous. M³ / s. The waterfall is 300 feet, and the beauty of pristine nature around it amazes even the most seasoned travelers.
National Park is located just 7 km from the Cataratas International Airport. For example, a flight from Rio de Janeiro takes about 2 hours. From the city of Puerto Iguazu to the entrance to the park round the clock travel comfortable double-decker buses with an interval of half an hour. Travel time – about 40 minutes.
The most popular thread in a complex called the “Devil’s Throat”. To reach it only by suspension bridges, but this show is worth it. “Devil’s Throat” is a 14 powerful streams, falling from a great height. Other interesting cascades include the San Martin and Bernabe Mendez.
Tour of the National Park – a fascinating journey. Here, a real jungle with virgin nature. Some tourists bought helicopter tours of Iguazu to fully enjoy this beauty. However, this is only possible with the Brazilian side. Very often in the area of waterfalls can be seen a rainbow. Those who wish to protect themselves from splashes, issued raincoats.
One of the local attractions is considered Itaipu dam, which is one of the world’s masterpieces of technology. This is one of the largest power plants in the world.
Perito Moreno Glacier
Perito Moreno Glacier – one of the most visited tourist sites in Argentina and one of the three glaciers of Patagonia. It located in the National Park Los Glaciares National Park. When pieces break off and fall into the water, crunching and crackling can be heard in the neighborhood. For the sake of this spectacle every year thousands of people come to Argentina.
It covers an area of about 250 square kilometers and extends from the water by as much as 60 meters. Ice Age – more than 30 thousand years. He seemed frozen in time forever. However, he does not stand still, and every day is moving a couple of meters. According to many influential publications, Perito Moreno glacier is the most beautiful in the world. Moreover, it is the third largest reserve of the world’s fresh water.
You can swim up to the glacier by boat from Argentine settlements of El Calafate and El Chalten. Some travelers prefer to look at this miracle from the observation deck, and some want to visit the most depths of the iceberg, to experience an incredible feeling. During such excursions boat swims close to the iceberg, brave issue special crampons, and only after that they disappear into a bottomless ice cave.
The opening of this glacier in the 19th century was an important step, both for Argentina and for the world. Transparent bluish color is caused by the weight of snow in between. Also, the more blue in the ice, the older it is. Periodically, Perito Moreno comes on Lake Argentino, visually dividing it into two parts. When the water rises in one of the parts under pressure and breaks through the ice, the spectacle becomes really steep scale.
To get to the treasured landmarks by bus from El Calafate in approximately 2 hours. In turn, before the Argentine settlement can be reached by plane from Buenos Aires and Ushuaia.
District of La Boca, Buenos Aires
Neighborhood La Boca – one of the oldest areas of Argentina; suburban neighborhood in Buenos Aires, which is famous for its colorful houses, street dancing and painting. The locals shun La Bock (translated as “mouth”), but tourists love this colorful district. It is home to many talented street artists and tango masters.
In the days of the Spanish colonization in La Bocca were barracks for black slaves. Neighborhood La Boca appeared in 1536, when he began to build a Spanish conquistador de Mendoza. Here it was located the first port city. Over time, the area was settled by Italian immigrants, which have created a colorful atmosphere.
Surprisingly, in the souvenir shops of La Boca, you can see a lot of Russian dolls. These Russian dolls have long loved by Argentines. Multicolored houses give a special flavor of the area. These dwellings are kept on high stilts to avoid flooding. At the very beginning they were painted in a different color is not a good life. The poor immigrants simply do not have enough paint of the same color. However, over time people have deliberately painted houses in bright colors to give them a special charm.
It is believed that in La Boca Argentinean tango was born. And thanks to the British, Argentines are addicted to football. In the area of a lot of artists. Together they organized a street gallery “Caminito”. Exhibition of paintings, street tango and sale of handicraft products here occurs in a non-stop mode. From time to time the locals organize carnivals and masquerades. Getting to your destination can be by public transport from the bus stop at the corner of Avenida Roque Sáenz Peña and Florida.
Congress building, Buenos Aires
Congress building – the neo-classical palace for the Argentine National Congress meetings. The beautiful and majestic building. Located in the central square of Buenos Aires at the end of Avenida de Mayo. Despite the fact that the palace was built in the Greco-Roman style, it clearly visible features of Parisian architecture.
The most remarkable part of the object is its high dome aqua. In it reaches a height of 80 meters and its weight is about 30 thousand tonnes. The top of the dome is crowned by a crown with Chimeras.
The main entrance is decorated with a triangular pediment, tall columns and marble caryatids. At the top of the gable is placed the coat of arms of the country. The main staircase is guarded on either side winged lions. Entrance to the Senate and Chamber of Deputies carried out from different sides.
Inside Congress Buildings are important meetings and gatherings. Hall for the Senate and the Hall of Deputies – shaped like an amphitheater. In addition to these facilities within the building there is a huge library, which contains more than a million book volumes. The building dates from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The main architect was an Italian Vittorio Meano.
A stay in this magnificent building can be part of an organized tour. Almost all the rooms are open for public visits. The nearest metro station – Congreso. On the square in front of the palace is always lively. It has a children’s attractions and a shopping arcade with handcrafted souvenirs.
City Ushuaia – a small port city in the south of Argentina; the southernmost city in the world and the starting point in Antarctica. It is the capital of the province, brings together Antarctica, Tierra del Fuego and the South Atlantic Islands. At various times, Ushuaia investigated F. Drake, Darwin, F. Magellan.
Geographically, it is located on the shores of the Beagle Channel, about 900 km from Antarctica. The town is surrounded by virgin forests, beautiful mountains and pristine glaciers. In the mountains of Ushuaia has a prestigious ski resorts. The weather in changeable, so tourists are advised to carry a warm jacket. The tourist season usually lasts from December to March. Getting to the resort is possible by plane from Buenos Aires, approximately 4 hours. In the port of Ushuaia also arrive cruise ships and yachts.
Arriving in a unique place, passengers receive a mark in the passport «fin del mundo», which means “end of the world”, and it’s almost true. Many travelers are attracted to the city’s history. On its territory lived the Indians, missionaries. At other times, it housed the Argentine base of military forces. The first inhabitants appeared in 10 thousand years ago the area of Tierra del Fuego. Now the local population is constantly increasing, due to the increase in popularity as Ushuaia resort.
Popular walks on a catamaran on the Bay of Bengal and travel on ships in the Antarctic. Amazing spectacle opens 50-meter glacier Perito Moreno. Periodically, pieces of ice break off with a bang and a roar of falling into the water, causing the waves to the shore peak. This process can take several hours. South of Ushuaia only a couple of fishing villages in which no more than 50 people.