Vietnam – a country in Southeast Asia. Capital – Hanoi. The country’s population – 92,477,857 people Vietnam Area 331,210 km2. Currency – the Vietnamese dong (VND). Official language – Vietnamese.
In 1858, France invaded Vietnam, where in 1885 fully established colonial regime. In 1954, after a long war, Vietnam has received full independence. From 1957 to April 30, 1975 in Vietnam held a bloody war, which killed about 1.5 million people. In 1976, Vietnam became a Socialist, 12 years later in 1988, the Socialist Party of Vietnam disbanded.
Vietnam borders with Laos, Cambodia and China. Washed by the South China Sea.
Large Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi and Hai Phong. The largest rivers – the Mekong, Red River, Yes, Saigon, Bassac, Dung. Reservoirs – Thakba. Islands – Woody, Con Dao, Pulo-Condor, Phu Quoc, Cat Ba, deprivation, Fukui et al.
Beach Resorts – Nha Trang, Phan Thiet, Mui Ne, Phu Quoc Island, Hoi An, Danang, Halong, Con Dao island, Vung Tau. Other resorts: Sapa, Dalat, Hue.
Halong Bay – one of the most beautiful places on the planet, located in Vietnam, Quang Ninh province; popular natural attraction of the South China Sea. On the territory of Halong Bay over 2000 picturesque islands, caves and cliffs. This is a fabulously beautiful place, which is the Vietnamese proudly ranked among the wonders of the world.
Geographically Halong located on the Vietnam north, about 170 km from Hanoi. The road from the capital takes about 3-3.5 hours, and the tour of the bay on the boat for about 6 hours. During this trip you can see the main attractions of Halong Bay, including the island of Titova, island monkey, island Tuan Chau and Cat Ba, the surrounding caves. Over Halong implemented and helicopter tours.
According to legend, it is believed that the islands of Halong Bay saved Vietnamese from attack by hostile neighbors. The bay itself is under the auspices of the Mother of Dragons. Translated from Vietnamese its name translates as “the place where the dragon descended into the sea.” Almost all the islands are rocky coves. From above, they look like gems scattered on the water surface.
In many caves of Halong has waterfalls and stalactite deposits. Some of them sanctified colored lights, like underground palaces. One of the most popular caves considered Hang Dow Guo. This cave are 90 steps, and inside you can see hundreds of stones bizarre shapes. Another attraction – a national park on the island of Cat Ba and its sandy beaches. It is best to visit the bay from May to January, as from February to April it is windy and rainy.
Tomb of Khai Dinh
Tomb of Khai Dinh – small tomb is 10 km from the city of Hue on Mount Chau Chu in Vietnam. Unlike other tombs Vietnamese rulers, this differs modest size, at the same time the original design and extraordinarily beautiful architecture.
The Emperor himself chose the place for his burial on a hillside. The order on the construction of the tomb, he gave shortly after the ascent to the throne. Construction of the complex lasted for almost 11 years. Emperor Khai Dinh Himself went down in history as the penultimate monarch Vietnam. He made great efforts to preserve his country’s autonomy.
Today the tomb is visited by both locals and tourists, with the aim to honor the memory of the outstanding reformer. A feature of the construction is considered a glass and porcelain mosaics on the walls of the tomb. The pedestal guarded by sculptures of warriors-defenders, and elephants. Inside the mausoleum is set gilded bed, surrounded by multi-colored prints and flashlights.
In order to get into the tomb of Khai Dinh visitors need to start to overcome the 36 steps and the Courtyard of Honour, filled with sculptures of courtiers. From the height of the cliff mountains Chau Chu offers excellent views of the surrounding countryside.
The complex of the mausoleum open to the public from morning till 5pm. With the onset of dusk, he closes. You can reach it by car from the city, and cycling. Furthermore, the tomb is often go sightseeing bus. Geographically the city of Hue is located in the central part of the country, and during the reign of the Nguyen Dynasty, which is representative of Khai Dinh, it was the capital of Vietnam.
Resort Dalat – mountain resort in southern Vietnam; “The city of eternal spring”. Dalat just buried in the vegetation all year round. It is located at an altitude of almost 1500 meters above sea level on a plateau Lubanga. In addition to health benefits, in Dalat, you can find interesting architecture and aristocratic entertainment.
The name of the city allegedly received from the local ethnic groups. Literally it can be translated as “river Lat tribe.” In addition to the official name of the resort were fixed, and other names, such as “Little Paris”, “Vietnamese Alps”.
Geographically the city is located in the central highlands of Vietnam, 300 km from Ho Chi Minh City. Tourists prefer to get there by air transport. 30 km from the international airport of Dalat. The bus trip from Ho Chi Minh City will take about 7 hours.
The history of the city began relatively recently. Dalat – young resort built by French colonialists. The first hotel was opened in 1907, and five years later was founded himself resort that Europeans were quick to try.
The area quickly became popular thanks to its evergreen forests, roaring waterfalls, picturesque valleys, lakes and rivers, as well as natural parks. Tourism – is not the only area in which the economy rests Dalat. The city is also recognized as one of the Vietnamese science centers.
The climate is very mild. Even in the rainy season, it’s always warm and sunny in the district. The resort gained popularity among the colonial elite. The reason for this was a luxury entertainment. Here there are golf courses and tennis courts, and horse-racing tracks, fields and vineyards, and a wealth of attractions, both natural and architectural. In Dalat to visit the Cathedral, the Tower of Cham, local pagodas and Xuan Huong Lake Park with flowers.
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum – one of the main attractions of Hanoi, capital of Vietnam; The tomb of the Vietnamese leader. Many foreign tourists visit Ha Noi because of this mausoleum at Ba Dinh Square.
the country’s socialist leader immediately after his death bequeathed to cremate his body. Construction of the tomb began in September 1973, exactly four years after Ho Chi Minh died. The tomb is not the only building in the architectural ensemble of the mausoleum. It also includes a house on stilts and the Museum of Ho Chi Minh.
It is noteworthy that the architect of the mausoleum was a Soviet citizen who worked on Lenin’s memorial. Cremate the body of the leader for several years has been hidden from the military bombardment. Immediately after the construction and the inauguration of the mausoleum in 1975, it was moved there.
The tomb is surrounded by a large garden, which grows a variety of flora. Plants and flowers in the garden are collected from all regions of Vietnam. In front of the mausoleum is the tribune, and the inside of the body of the leader is kept in a glass case. Taking pictures and videos in the building is strictly prohibited. The central hall is protected by a guard of honor.
In the evenings, the mausoleum is beautifully illuminated, giving a festive look to the area. Attraction is open only in the morning almost every day, except Friday and Monday. In the autumn of the mausoleum is temporarily closed. The visit program usually includes a viewing of the film about the life of Ho Chi Minh.
Resort Sapa – a small town in the mountains of northwest Vietnam; one of the most beautiful places in Asia. This resort is relatively young. He opened the French colonialists in the late XIX – early XX century, noticing a great climate, the unique landscapes of the area.
In Sapa thousands of tourists come every year. This town is not like Vietnam. In contrast to the torrid regions of the country, there is always a invigorating coolness coming from the mountains. Not far Sapa is located highest peak in Indochina – Fansipan Mountain (3143 m).
The city is home to over 6 different nationalities. The landscape of the resort rather exotic. There’s no beach and the sea, but there are beautiful scenery, for lovers of mountain trekking. The Sapa is pretty cool and rainy, but that does not stop tourists from traveling. The best time of year to visit the resort from September to December.
This place is attractive primarily because of the fresh mountain air and local color. They come for the healthy climate and cultural enrichment. Outside the town there are several attractions that are worth visiting. For example, the Catholic Church of St. Rosaries provincial Bac Ha market, Thac Bac waterfalls and Thac Dien, Ham Rong Mountain.
Geographically, the resort is situated near the border with China in Lao Cai province. The easiest way to get there by train or direct bus from Hanoi. The journey time will be about 1 hour. In most Sapa public transport is not, since it is not needed there.
Sơn Đoòng Cave Cave
Sơn Đoòng Cave Cave – it is not just the world’s largest cave, but also one of the most beautiful places on earth. The cave is located in the province of Quang Binh in Vietnam, in the territory of the local national park. Sơn Đoòng Cave boasts its own jungle, and this underground river.
Geographically, the cave is located 500 kilometers south of Hanoi, not far from the border with Laos. The nearest airport is located in the city of Hue, where to attractions can be reached by train or car. If you go by train from Hanoi, the road will take at least one day. It is noteworthy that from the highway to the cave to go at least another six hours on foot through the jungle thickets.
Vietnamese knowingly come up with a name for this place. After Shongdong in translation means “the cave of a mountain river.” In the depths of the cave runs an underground river, which is wary of the locals. In especially windy days it is becoming quite powerful for the noisy and scary. In the rainy season, it overflows its banks and flooded parts of the caves. The total amount of the grotto is estimated at 38.5 million. Cubic meters. in some places the cave height reaches 240 meters. In it grow lush jungle with a three-meter trees.
Shongdong so large that it is divided into parts according to the climatic conditions. Where the light comes, the grass grows and trees, and the dark areas rather gloomy, cool and lifeless. In the jungle Shongdonga rare plants and animals inhabit unusual. Among them are hornbills, flying foxes, species of monkeys. In some areas you can find clusters of the highest in the world of stalactites and stalagmites. And because of the large temperature difference can even see the ground clouds.
Cave discovered in 1991 by a local resident who heard noisy for the underground river. However, on their own, he was not able to get into it because of the steep rapids. And in 2009, the whole of the UK research team, led by Mr. Limbert was able to pull in Shongdong and investigate thoroughly its “alien” landscapes. From September to March, the access to the cave is closed because of the heavy rains of the season.
Tunnels of Cu Chi
Tunnels of Cu Chi (Heaps) – a system of underground tunnels in the vicinity of Ho Chi Minh, the Vietnamese used for the war as an offensive and defensive base. Today it is one of the most famous attractions in the country, are very popular among tourists.
Tunnel system is in one of the suburbs of Ho Chi Minh City and has several levels of depth. With all the secret passage, storage and living quarters, this dungeon holds more than 150 km. In its heyday, it stretched from Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) to the Cambodian capital.
The system of underground passages rummaging through nearly 15 years under the noses of unsuspecting Americans. Once in the village of Ku-Ti, which gave its name to the rubber, the Americans conducted raids sweep. Then there was the idea of local residents to escape with the help of deep tunnels.
These tunnels, consisting of artillery depots, living rooms, kitchens, hospitals and other facilities, can withstand strong attacks, and even bombings. Each foe, trying to get into them, met in its path ingenious traps.
Currently Tunnels of Cu Chi Vietnam attract visitors, like Museum of Military History. And can be reached by bus from Ho Chi Minh City, next to Tay Ninh. Get off at the bus stop you need Kuti, but still up 15 km of tunnels that can overcome a motorcycle. Another way – this is a tour of Ho Chi Minh City to the tunnel, which will cost quite inexpensive. The program includes visits to watch the film about the life of the peasants Cu-Ti during the Vietnam War.